BP profits slip as rebuilding continues
For the full year, underlying replacement cost profit was $17.6bn compared to $21.7bn in 2011.
Bob Dudley, Group CEO, said: "We have moved past many milestones in 2012, repositioning BP through divestments and bringing on new projects. This lays a solid foundation for growth into the long term. Moving through 2013 we will deliver further operational milestones and remain on track for delivery of our ten-point strategic plan, including our target for operating cash flow growth, by 2014."
Operating cash flow in the fourth quarter of 2012 was $6.3 billion, and $20.4 billion for the full year compared to $22.2 billion in 2011. At the end of 2012, BP's net debt was $27.5 billion - down from $31.5 billion at the end of the third quarter - representing a gearing level of 18.7%, within BP's 10-20% target gearing range.
BP announced a quarterly dividend of 9 cents a share, to be paid in March.
In BP's upstream, underlying production of oil and gas, excluding TNK-BP, in 2012 was broadly flat with 2011, in line with guidance. Fourth quarter production, excluding TNK-BP, was 2.29 million barrels of oil equivalent a day (mmboe/d), 7% lower than in 4Q 2011, with the impact of divestments, production sharing agreement effects and natural field declines partially offset by new production from major projects.
BP's downstream delivered a record level of earnings for the year, and a fourth consecutive year of underlying profit growth. In the fourth quarter, despite the continued benefit of strong operations, the segment faced significantly lower refining margins than in the previous quarter. The planned outage at the Whiting refinery as part of the refinery's upgrade project also had an impact on the quarter's result.
The sale of BP's interest in TNK-BP to Rosneft and related transactions expected to result in BP building a 19.75% stake in Rosneft were agreed in the quarter and are expected to complete, subject to regulatory approval, in the first half of 2013. Because BP's stake in TNK-BP became an asset held for sale following the initial agreement on October 22, the fourth quarter included only 21 days of underlying net income from TNK-BP.
During the quarter BP agreed the sale of non-core upstream assets in the North Sea and China, and of the Texas City refinery and related assets. Excluding the sale of its interest in TNK-BP, BP has now agreed divestments with a total value of $37.8 billion since 2010, effectively completing its major programme of portfolio simplification a year earlier than planned.
"We will continue to see the impact of this reshaping work in our reported results in 2013," said Dudley. "By 2014, I expect the underlying financial momentum to be strongly evident."
Underlying oil and gas production is expected to grow in 2013, with increasing production from new projects and reduced maintenance outage. Reported production in 2013 is expected to be lower than in 2012, with an impact from divestments of around 150,000boe/d. The actual outcome will depend on the exact timing of divestments, OPEC quotas and the impact of oil price on production sharing agreements.
Two major upstream projects began production in the fourth quarter, making a total of five new major projects brought online in 2012. The PSVM project on Block 31 offshore Angola, one of the largest subsea developments in the world, started production in early December and the Skarv field in the Norwegian Sea began production at the end of the quarter.
BP expects four new major upstream projects to begin production by the end of 2013 -- Angola LNG, North Rankin 2 in Australia, Na Kika 3 in the Gulf of Mexico, and the Chirag Oil project in Azerbaijan. A further six major projects are expected to come onstream through 2014. In addition, the major upgrade of the Whiting refinery in Indiana is expected to come online in the second half of 2013.
"We aim to be a focused oil and gas company, creating value by growing long-term sustainable free cash flow," said Dudley. "We will deliver this through safe and reliable operations, and through disciplined and paced capital investment into a portfolio rich in high-margin opportunities."
Organic capital expenditure is expected to be $24-$25 billion in 2013, up from $23 billion in 2012. As BP increases reinvestment in higher margin upstream projects and sustains levels of access and exploration, gross organic capital expenditure is expected to be managed in the range of $24--$27 billion from 2014 to the end of the decade, together with $2--$3 billion of divestments a year on average.
BP continued to work through the legal proceedings in the US during 2012, completing payments into the Trust Fund, and agreeing settlements with the Plaintiffs' Steering Committee, criminal settlement with the US Department of Justice (DOJ) and settlement of civil claims against BP with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Primarily reflecting the criminal settlement agreement with the DOJ, BP took an additional $4.1 billion charge in the fourth quarter. The total cumulative net charge for the Gulf of Mexico incident at the end of the year was $42.2 billion.
BP remains prepared to settle the remaining civil claims but only on reasonable terms, and continues to prepare for the civil trial scheduled to start in late February.
Concluding, Bob Dudley said: "We are doing the work that needs to be done to be a safer, stronger company. We are steadily building the strong platform for growth in BP for the coming decade."
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