- The Italian retail trade index, which measures turnover at retail sale outlets, grew by 1.1% by value in November 2017 compared with the previous month.

In volume terms, sales rose by 0.8%.

The value of retail trade is up 0.2% on a three month basis, while volume is down 0.2% due to a fall in food sales.

Compared with November 2016, the retail trade index increased by 1.4%, with large scale distribution stores showing strong growth at 2.6% and food goods going up 2%, while non-food goods went up 1.1%.

The year-on-year growth rate shows the volume of sales increased by 0.6%, with food goods staying flat, while non-food goods went up 0.8%.

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